Psychology goes back to it's
The field of psychology expanded, yet in today's
world, psychologists are still interested in theories
that originated from decades ago. The new term for this
would be cognition, which refers to the mental
capabilities to process information to attain knowledge
(basically dealing with the consciousness). One pioneer
of psychology who took forth with this idea was Jean
Piaget, who had high interest in children's cognitive
development. At the same time era, mid 1950's you also
had Noam Chomsky who researched psychological relations
1950's were not just a time of new theories but also
discoveries. James Olds, a Canadian psychologist showed
that electrical stimulation of the brain could in fact
provoke emotional responses, ranging from pleasure to
hatred within animals. Of course there is Roger Sperry
who demonstrated that the left and the right halves of
the brain took on different tasks, which he won a Noble
Peace Prize for. Finally through the 1960's, David Hubel
and Torsten Wiesel published a book on visual signals
and the interconnection to the brain, they too got a
Noble Peace Prize too.
Throughout the history of psychology, researchers
worked under the impression that they were chasing after
a universal understanding how behavior operated. It is
also known that psychology especially in America as well
as Europe during the 1950's were mainly dealt in the
sense of profession and research limited to upper white
class man. Neglecting how their theories related to
foreign people outside the country. To some extent, the
research and studies done were narrow minded. For one
reason, it was rather cheaper to do studies on students
who were white and already enrolled at universities.
Last ethnocentrism could have been one of the reasons
why psychologists from the beginnings showed lack of
interest of other cultures. As time went by however, the
many psychologists realized one simple question of the
field is to see how people reflect through changes in
their lives, culture shock for an example.
Therefore, psychology reflected foreign ideas to reflect
the various degrees of human behavior and experiences.
The emergence of evolutionary psychology is
one result from such actions described above.
Evolutionary psychology is the examination of behavioral
analysis of processing in regards to members of species
over time, usually under many generations. Closely
relating this to Darwin's evolution theory, stating that
only the best genes of species will be able to produce.
So if by chance aggressiveness is a desired trait to
survive, you can trace it back to a specifies line of
origin and their behavior traits.
Irwin Silverman along with his fellow colleagues
thought that man were superior in navigation and
attitude of superiority came from the genes of earlier
species who hunted quit frequently. While females were
superior at gather goods and memorizing locations and
what not. This in no way is a revolutionary theory,
after all William James along with functionalists had
heavy influence guided by Darwin's idea of natural
selection. Evolutionary psychology eventually survived
through the 1990's added with a bit more research and
findings into a new era of psychology.