||G. Stanley Hall
Wilhelm Wundt and why
is he important?
German professor (1832-1920) who wanted to make the practice
of psychology an independent study rather than a sub branch
of philosophy or physiology.
You see during his time, the country of Germany was doing well in the sense of
intellectually. So universities were receptive of expanding new horizon of
studies. It was not until his ideas of how we should study psychology gained
good recognition where he established the first formal laboratory for the study
of psychology! (In 1879 that is)
Wundt core value of studying approach.
Psychology should be modeled after
chemistry and physics. Since Wundt believed the core study of psychology was
'consciousness'. To really be able to analyze that, philosophy and physiology
won't help too much. You can think and reason how consciousness works yet the
true science is what tells us WHY it operates in a certain way.
Stanley Hall and who is this guy?
Hall studied with Wundt for a brief time, and at one point he felt it was a good
idea for him to bring some of Wundt's ideology to America. It was at John
Hopkins University where he initiated a research laboratory dedicated to
psychology (1883). Four years later, he published America's first journal in
the field of psychology.
Hall's further contribution of psychology in America.
In 1892 he promoted the idea of creating American Psychological Association
(APA), where he was elected as the first president of the board. Currently the
APA has over 155,000 members.
Women who have contributed to early psychology.
Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930)
Studied under William James.
Created a technique to analyze memory management.
First woman to become the president of American Psychological Association in
Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939)
First woman to get a PHD in psychology.
Wrote 'The Animal Mind', which assisted in the emergence of behaviorism.
In 1921 she was the second woman to serve as the president of APA.
Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939)
First person to coin the term 'gifted' to label children who did exceptionally
well in intelligence tests.
Refuted the myth notion that during phase of menstrual cycle in a woman, their
Did pioneering work in mental retardation, gifted children, and adolescent